The Rif Mountains is a large area with range that extends from Tangier in the west to the eastern border of Morocco. This region is called in Berber language “A-Rif“.
The Rif region is part of the Alborijnse Sea and does not belong to the Atlas Mountains, and it is known for its geographic diversity: mountains, sea, rivers and valleys, with capital cities Tangier, Tetouan, Chaouen, Al Hoceima and Nador. The original inhabitants of the Rif mountains are the Berbers. Already in the 3rd century BC, this area was under the influence of the Phoenicians, in later centuries followed by the Romans and Byzantines, and recently by Portugees and Spanjards.
The Rif-region has a Mediterranean climate and is rich in flora and fauna, history and culture. There is plenty to explore for the adventurous traveler, but also for lovers of nature and culture.
The local residents (the Rifis) are traditional yet welcoming and friendly. The pristine environment, which is not accessed by mass tourism, offers opportunities for trekking tours in mountain and forest. You can enjoy the beautiful scenery, but also experience the traditional culture of the Rif people . By visiting authentic Berber villages or historic monuments and museums, you’ll definitely enjoy it all. Also, if you like cities, you can take a walk through the medieval medina of the picturesque town of Chaouen or the Kasbah of Tangier and Tetouan, or medinas of the ancient imperial cities Fez and Meknes at the border of the Rif area. Thus … enough joy for every traveler.
Vegetation and wildlife in Morocco play an important role of the ecosystem of the country. Morocco not only has a great variety in landscape, but also in climate, flora and fauna. The climate in the north is a Mediterranean climate. Winters are cold but pleasant, although somewhat wet and the summers are hot and dry. Throughout the year, the sun shines, creating flourishing vegetation with much variation in flora and fauna.
In the Rif there are vast forests of cork oaks, cedars, pines, firs and pines. Along the coast you can see a large collection of exotic types of vegetation, such as casuarinas, eucalyptus, citrus, loquat, acacia and many other tree species. On the wetter sites there are vast meadows, citrus, pomegranate and fennel gardens. As well as typical Mediterranean tree growth, one finds especially almond, fig and olive trees, holm oak and prinos, carob tree, oleander and tamarisk. The plateaus in the mountains are covered with alpha grasses.
In spring thousands of flowers appear on the hills. Especially the white-pink blossom of almond trees dotted over the hills is truly eye-catching. And in the autumn herbs like thyme and rosemary spread their spicy odors and there are also wild figs and cactus fruit to be picked.
The National Park of Al-Hoceima
This park is a protected nature reserve that hardly been explored by people from outside.
It offers fantastic views over the varied landscape of green hills and high mountains, river beds, forests and rugged coast with wild beaches where the thrilling steep cliffs that descend strait into the sea offering panoramic views … It is a beautiful unspoilt area, where locals are welcoming and friendly and where it is rich in flora and fauna, history and culture. Due to the Mediterranean climate, there is a flourishing vegetation with varied flora and fauna, which is for nature lovers certainly worth making a visit to this park…